According to one theory, the term "Maluku" comes from the Arabic word, Al-Mluk (الملوك), which means land or island of kings. This is true because the Moluccas still consist of small kingdoms which are quite large with their own kings.[clarification needed]
According to another theory, the term comes from the Ternatean word Moloku or Moloko, the two words are Moloku or Moloko which both mean as homeland.[clarification needed] This is reflected in the words of the people of Ternate in the past that mention the northern hemisphere Maluku earth as Moloku Kie Raha which means the homeland with four mountains. The four mountains in question are 4 kingdoms or large sultanates from North Maluku namely the Sultanate of Ternate, Sultanate of Tidore and the Sultanate of Bacan. Get More Info Daerah Maluku
In the 9th century, Arab traders managed to find Maluku after crossing the Indian Ocean. These traders then took control of the European market through port cities like Constantinople. The 14th century was a period of Middle Eastern spice trade that brought Islam into the Maluku Islands through the ports of Aceh, Malacca and Gresik, between 1300 and 1400.
In the Ming Dynasty, spices from Maluku were introduced in various works of art and history. In a painting by W.P. Groeneveldt, titled Gunung Dupa, Maluku, is described as a green mountainous region filled with cloves – an oasis in the middle of the southeastern sea. Marco Polo also described the clove trade in Maluku during his visit to Sumatra.